/*

Compile:
gcc -Wall -o DNSUPd DNSUPd.c `curl-config --libs` `curl-config --cflags`  

Install:
install -m 0755 DNSUPd /usr/local/bin/

*/

char           *update_url = "http://freedns.afraid.org/dynamic/update.php?ENTER_AUTH_TOKEN_HERE";


#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <syslog.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>


#include <curl/curl.h>

struct MemoryStruct {
	char           *memory;
	size_t 		size;
};

static 		size_t
WriteMemoryCallback(void *contents, size_t size, size_t nmemb, void *userp)
{
	size_t 		realsize = size * nmemb;
	struct MemoryStruct *mem = (struct MemoryStruct *) userp;

	mem->memory = realloc(mem->memory, mem->size + realsize + 1);
	if (mem->memory == NULL) {
		/* out of memory! */
		printf("not enough memory (realloc returned NULL)\n");
		return 0;
	}
	memcpy(&(mem->memory[mem->size]), contents, realsize);
	mem->size += realsize;
	mem->memory[mem->size] = 0;

	return realsize;
}


int 
randrange(int min, int max)
{
	int 		diff = max - min;
	return (int) (((double) (diff + 1) / RAND_MAX) * rand() + min);
}


int
main(void)
{
	/* Our process ID and Session ID */
	pid_t 		pid    , sid;

	/* Fork off the parent process */
	pid = fork();
	if (pid < 0) {
		exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	}
	//If we got a good PID, then
		// we can exit the parent process.
		if (pid > 0) {
		exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
	}
	/* Change the file mode mask */
	umask(0);

	/* Open any logs here */
	setlogmask(LOG_UPTO(LOG_NOTICE));
	openlog("DNSUp", LOG_CONS | LOG_PID | LOG_NDELAY, LOG_DAEMON);


	/* Create a new SID for the child process */
	sid = setsid();
	if (sid < 0) {
		/* Log the failure */
		syslog(LOG_NOTICE, "Failed to start: %d", EXIT_FAILURE);
		closelog();
		exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	}
	/* Change the current working directory */
	if ((chdir("/")) < 0) {
		/* Log the failure */
		syslog(LOG_NOTICE, "Failed to start: %d", EXIT_FAILURE);
		closelog();
		exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
	}
	/* Close out the standard file descriptors */
	close(STDIN_FILENO);
	close(STDOUT_FILENO);
	close(STDERR_FILENO);

	/* Daemon-specific initialization goes here */
	syslog(LOG_NOTICE, "Starting Up! Pid is %d", pid);

	//seed the RNG
		srand(time(NULL));


	//start our loop...
		while (1) {
		//sleep(300);
		int 		rand_sleep = randrange(180, 600);
		//syslog(LOG_NOTICE, "Sleeping for %d", rand_sleep);
		//sleep(rand_sleep);

		CURL           *curl_handle;
		CURLcode 	res;

		struct MemoryStruct chunk;
		chunk.memory = malloc(1);	/* will be grown as needed by
						 * the realloc above */
		chunk.size = 0;	/* no data at this point */

		curl_global_init(CURL_GLOBAL_ALL);
		/* init the curl session */
		curl_handle = curl_easy_init();

		//curl_easy_setopt(curl_handle, CURLOPT_URL, "http://freedns.afraid.org/dynamic/update.php?UPDATE_URL");
		curl_easy_setopt(curl_handle, CURLOPT_URL, update_url);

		/* send all data to this function  */
		curl_easy_setopt(curl_handle, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, WriteMemoryCallback);

		/* we pass our 'chunk' struct to the callback function */
		curl_easy_setopt(curl_handle, CURLOPT_WRITEDATA, (void *) &chunk);

		/*
		 * some servers don't like requests that are made without a
		 * user-agent field, so we provide one
		 */
		curl_easy_setopt(curl_handle, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, "libcurl-agent/1.0");

		/* get it! */
		res = curl_easy_perform(curl_handle);

		/* check for errors */
		if (res != CURLE_OK) {
			fprintf(stderr, "curl_easy_perform() failed: %s\n",
				curl_easy_strerror(res));
		} else {
			/*
		         * Now, our chunk.memory points to a memory block that is chunk.size
		         * bytes big and contains the remote file.
		         *
		         * Do something nice with it!
		         */

			//printf("%lu bytes retrieved\n", (long) chunk.size);
			//printf("%s", chunk);
			syslog(LOG_NOTICE, "Update Message: %s ", chunk);
			syslog(LOG_NOTICE, "Sleeping for %d seconds", rand_sleep);
			//reset chunk

		}


		/* cleanup curl stuff */
		curl_easy_cleanup(curl_handle);

		if (chunk.memory)
			free(chunk.memory);

		/* we're done with libcurl, so clean it up */
		curl_global_cleanup();
		sleep(rand_sleep);
	}
	syslog(LOG_NOTICE, "Exiting...");
	closelog();
	exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
	//shouldn 't really get to here.. :-D
}


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